Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) Pandemic
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that may cause illness in animals or humans. In humans, several coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The most recently discovered coronavirus causes coronavirus disease COVID-19.
The novel Coronavirus was first publicized on December 31, 2019, when the Chinese notified the World Health Organization (WHO) about the virus that had originated in Wuhan City. This novel Coronavirus, which the WHO has named COVID-19, is the seventh of its kind known to infect humans. Four of the known viruses cause only mild symptoms while the other three – SARS (Severe acute respiratory syndrome), MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome), and COVID-19 – cause severe diseases. Similar to both SARS and MERS, which originated in animals before being transmitted to humans, COVID-19 is suggested to have originated in bats and perhaps involved transmission between another animal before making its way to humans.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) there is no vaccine and no specific antiviral medicine to prevent or treat COVID-2019., While some western, traditional or home remedies may provide comfort and alleviate symptoms of COVID-19, there is no evidence that current medicine can prevent or cure the disease. However, there are several ongoing clinical trials that include both western and traditional medicines. A number of drugs currently used in the treatment of patients with other infectious diseases, such as AIDS and Malaria (and Ebola), are now being used with COVID 19 patients including Remdesivir and Chloroquine, and it is expected that drugs that have been effective for viral diseases (and primarily RNA viruses) are likely to help with recovery.
The number of patients worldwide continues to increase: there are large and growing the disease has been reported over countries.
The highly contagious nature of the pandemic, coupled with uncertainty regarding its severity and the lack of effective treatment, has led to severe disruptions in the economy and day-to-day functioning of the entire developed world.